COMMENTARY (international law)

International Law

Availability of these fundamental texts in a repressive and pre-Internet era. Bukovsky example of Soviet Constitution at Lefortovo Prison. Alexeyeva assertion that only after 1975 did the text of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, ratified by the Soviet Union in ///, become readily available to ordinary citizens of the USSR.

Consequence, lack of legal understanding among educated people commented on by Chronicle in reference to reinstatement proceedings at Gerlina tribunal (Chronicle 2.1///)

1. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)

Each issue of the Chronicle of Current Events carried the text of Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The English translation of the Chronicle carried a further three Articles on its back cover, and the text:

“Amnesty International is an independent organisation which has consultative status with the United Nations and the Council of Europe. It endeavours to ensure the right for everyone to hold and express his beliefs. Amnesty International works, irrespective of political considerations, for the release of men and women who are in prison because of their beliefs, and for the implementation of the provisions of Articles 5, 9, 18 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.”

2. Political prisoners and “prisoners of conscience”

3. The Helsinki Accords (1975)

4. The European Convention on Human Rights and Basic Freedoms (1949///)

5. The European Court of Human Rights (Strasbourg)