In Exile (44.19)

<< No 44 : 16 March 1977 >>

In February 1977, Julia Okulova-Voznesenskaya (CCE 43) was transported from Leningrad to Vorkuta to serve the 5-year exile prescribed to her by a court. She ended the hunger-strike declared on 21 December at the beginning of February, not long before the transportation.


In January 1977, at the end of a 5-year term, Stefania Shabatura (CCE 28) was transported from her Mordovian camp for her 3-year term of exile. Although her mother was told that her daughter was being sent to the Ukraine, the place of exile of S. Shabatura is Kurgan Region in the Urals (Makushino village, 641610 [poste restante]).

She was released there by the prisoner escort on 26 January. Shabatura is working in an artistic workshop attached to the House of Culture (designing propaganda graphics).


In January 1977, at the end of a 4-year term Victor Khaustov (CCE 32) was transported from Perm camp 37 to start a two-year term of exile. On 11 February he arrived at the designated place. He is working at a sawmill and living in a hostel. P.F. Kampov (CCE 42) lived in the same hostel.


Spending their exile in Tomsk Region [Note 1] are: Vyacheslav Valentinovich PETROV (636733, Kargasoksky district, Sredny Vasyugan settlement, poste restante), Yury Ivanovich FYODOROV and Andrei Mikhailovich KOROBAN (they live in the district centre — the village of Kargasok), Vladimir Ilych GANDZYUK (Podgornoye village), Nikolai Andreyevich Gorbal (Parabel village, SU-6, barrack No. 16), Andrei Nikolayevich Kravets (Verkhneketsky district, Poludenovka settlement) and Nikolai Braun.

V. Petrov (CCE 29; he has two years of exile to serve, until December 1977) is ill with gastritis, a stomach ulcer and chronic hepatitis. At the end of 1976 he was in hospital for about three months. Usually those in exile receive living space from the enterprise where they work. The director of the only enterprise in Sredny Vasyugan (an oil-exploratory expedition), A.D. Baryshev, refuses to give work to the political exile V. Petrov. Even the intervention of the village soviet and the local police did not help. Therefore, up till now Petrov has neither a place to live nor a job.

Yu. Fyodorov (in May 1976 he received 5 years of exile for violating the rules of surveillance, CCE 42) works as a nightwatchman. He has been given a tiny and very cold room.

A. Koroban, a teacher of foreign languages, is drawing cinema posters for the Kargasok House of Culture. He is living in a private flat. In the district centre Kargasok, with a population of over 5,000 people, two copies of Pravda go on sale per day.

V. Gandzyuk (CCE 39) fell ill in camp with tuberculosis of the lungs. He is so weak that he cannot even carry a bucket of water to his house. An electrician, Gandzyuk is working in a cobblers’ workshop.

N. Gorbal (CCE 33) is also ill with tuberculosis. He has two years of exile which end in the autumn of 1977.

The exile of N. Braun (CCEs 17, 41) ends in the first half of 1978.


Alexander Alexandrovich BOLONKIN is former Assistant Professor of the Bauman Higher Technical School in Moscow, and a Doctor of Physical-mathematical Sciences. In exile, he is working on a geological exploratory expedition in [east Siberian] exile. His address: 671511, Buryat ASSR, Bauntovsky district, Malovsky, poste restante.


Yevgeny Ivanovich PASHNIN is spending his exile in the Komi ASSR (169913, Vorkuta, 13 Lomonosov St., room 50). He has a stomach ulcer. He works as a labourer on a building site. He arrived in Vorkuta on 10 December 1976. Surveillance of him was instituted. On 5 March 1977 surveillance was stopped. The reason: he behaves well, observes the surveillance rules, and has a positive work reference.

On 20 December 1976 Pashnin sent the Chairman of the Council for Religious Affairs attached to the USSR Council of Ministers a complaint that in Vladimir Prison, before his transportation into exile, a Bible and a church calendar were taken from him. On 27 January 1977 A. D. Larin replied to his complaint as the acting head of the corrective labour administration of the Vladimir Regional soviet executive committee: “The actions of the administration of [penal] institution OD-1-ST-2 were correct.”

On 7 March 1977 Pashnin complained to Patriarch Pimen of All Russia about the confiscation in Vladimir Prison of religious literature officially published in the USSR, He described incidents of this involving himself and Superfin (CCE 39). Pashnin also complained of the absence in Vorkuta of a church or prayer-house and of the impossibility of obtaining the Journal of the Moscow Patriarchate.



This part of the Tomsk Region was a district to which others were deported in the 1930s and 1940s (see A Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag, No 70-64).

For example, the Shchuchy Mys special settlement (today uninhabited) was set up for dekulakized peasant families in the Kargasoksky district in 1931. Deported Latvians, Soviet Germans and forced settlers from Moldavia were sent there in 1941. Those who died were buried in mass and individual graves in a cemetery half a kilometre to the south of the village. In summer 2006, the territory of the special settlement and the graveyard was investigated by the “Forgiveness and Memory” local history group of the Kargasoksky district.