Women Activists and Prisoners

in A Chronicle of Current Events (1968-1983).

Looking at an earlier version of this website, the late Marjorie FARQUHARSON commented, “I don’t see many women here, John.” I looked and they were there, but not perhaps as visible as they could be.

One response was a simple change to the “Guided Search” (Tags) in the right-hand column. Male dissidents, as before, were left with one initial or two, denoting name and patronymic; henceforth women were identified by their first name in full. This is important for those common Ukrainian, Belarusian and other national surnames that, unlike most Russian surnames, do not immediately indicate that their bearers are female.

Among these brave and memorable women are:

Larisa Iosifovna BOGORAZ (1929-2004)

Natalya Yevgenyevna GORBANEVSKAYA (1936-2013 Paris)

Tatyana KHODOROVICH (1921-2015 Paris)

Malva Noyevna LANDA (1918-2019 Haifa)

Valeria NOVODVORSKAYA (1950-2014)

Irina RATUSHINSKAYA (1954-2017)

Yelena SANNIKOVA (b. 1959)

Tatyana Mikhailovna VELIKANOVA (1932-2002)

*

Having worked for the Soviet section at Amnesty International for 15 years and set up the first AI office anywhere in the eastern bloc in 1990 in Moscow, Marjorie FARQUHARSON was later called upon, periodically, by The Independent (London) and the Glasgow Herald, to provide obituaries of noted dissidents from the pre-Gorbachev era. Links to her tributes to Larisa Bogoraz and Tatyana Velikanova are provided in the list above: both women were on Red Square on 25 August 1968 (CCE 3.3), one as a demonstrator, the other as an observer.

The new Tag Women*, added shortly before International Women’s Day (8 March 2020), offers an interesting contrast between the fate of various women in the USSR of the 1970s. Take, for example, those described in the “News in Brief” section of Chronicle No. 19 (30 April 1971), and CCE reports about the women who, late in 1979, issued the first feminist journal in post-Stalin USSR.

For a continuation (in Russian) see
USSR Update, “Women Activists and Prisoners“, 1978-1987.